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White stuff on gum line can appear in people of different ages. This phenomenon can be noted even in infants. There are many reasons for its appearance. The plaque can be formed as a result of insufficient hygiene as well as due to more serious pathologies, for example, cancer.
Causes of Appearance
Let’s consider the most common causes of white stuff on gum line:
- lack of normal oral hygiene. As a resul, bacteria begin to multiply, forming a pathogenic microflora;
- lack of vitamins, minerals and calcium in the body;
- the action of chemical or thermal substances also provoke the formation of white plaque on the gums;
- infection on the mucous membranes;
- mechanical damage;
- incorrect treatment;
- if a cyst develops in the tooth area, it can also manifest itself as a white stuff around gum line;
- sometimes it can indicate the development of oncology.
Types of Diseases
Candida stomatitis (thrush)
First, the disease manifests itself as separate, small spots, which eventually begin to merge into a continuous film. If the disease is just beginning to develop, it will not cause much discomfort. Later, the thrush is accompanied by pain, burning, deep ulcers appear on the mucosa. Causes of the disease:
- treatment with hormonal agents;
- therapy with strong antibiotics;
- the use of artificial prostheses;
- HIV, AIDS;
- problems with hormonal background;
- weak immunity;
- allergy to hygiene products – toothpaste, mouthwash, etc.
If you identified the symptoms of candidiasis, you should consult your doctor. He /she will prescribe effective medicines that will cure the disease.
White stuff along gum line is often found in children or elderly people. The disease affects people who suffer from hypothyroidism and diabetes. Fungi penetrate into the soft tissues as a result of injury. Frequent use of sweets leads to the fact that Candida begin to multiply actively. That is why the plaque covers mucous of cheeks, tongue, palate and gums. When bacterial infection, erosion begins to inflame, deep ulcers are formed on the tissues, which form foci with necrotic masses. The plaque becomes gray-yellow. It is difficult to remove, the mucous swells and the patient’s temperature rises.
The disease is characterized by keratinization of the mucous epithelium. Most often it is found in people who smoke a lot, as well as in the elderly. This disease is fraught with danger: in the absence of competent treatment it can develop into Oncology. The disease develops as a result of prolonged mechanical action on the tissues. For example, wearing dentures, frequent biting of the tongue, etc. In smokers, the epithelium becomes keratinized due to the constant effect of tobacco smoke.
The disease manifests itself by the appearance of single foci, covered with white or gray stuff. The size and shape of the plaques may be different. It is impossible to remove the plaque. Over time, the focus can grow, accompanied by an inflammatory process, ulceration.
How Is the Treatment Carried Out?
If there is a problem, the patient should immediately contact a dentist. It is simple to identify the disease. It will be enough just to take a swab from the mucosa. The material is sent to the laboratory, where experts determine the causative agent of the infectious process. Therapy begins with the elimination of the cause of pathology. For example, if the violation occurred as a result of changes in the microflora, the factors that provoke this phenomenon are excluded. If the patient undergoes therapy with antibiotics, additional drugs are prescribed, which contain live lactobacilli. White plaque on the gums is an unpleasant phenomenon, but it can be prevented. You need to monitor your health carefully, give up smoking, regularly strengthen the immune system and be sure to treat diseases of the internal organs. For treatment you can use such ointments as:
You can rinse the mouth with Miramistin or Chlorhexidine. To remove acute inflammation and eliminate purulent ulcers it is necessary to use antibiotics.