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Natural beauty is the trend №1 in dentistry, and veneers meet this purpose perfectly. It’s only a dentist who can determine through a careful examination which teeth have undergone restoration. It is for this ability to make a smile not only perfect but also natural that so many specialists around the world appreciate veneering. So, what are veneers and how are they installed on teeth?
What Are Veneers?
Veneers present a thin layer of no more than 0.5 mm; they are meant to cover the external tooth surface. The technology is not new, the current prototypes appeared in the 30s of the last century in the United States. They were developed by the doctor Charles Pincus specifically for Hollywood stars who could not afford “to shine” with ugly smile in front of the camera. Veneers on front teeth made for actors were fixed on the tooth surface by the adhesive powder and could withstand only for a few days, so they could be safely attributed to the category of theatrical props. Of course, this technology has little in common with modern. It’s only when they called Hollywood veneers that we recall the history of their invention.
Who Can Have Veneers Installed?
Indications for veneers are limited to various aesthetic problems with the enamel and shape of the teeth. Partly veneering can be used for a slight color correction. However, if you want to significantly change the tint, teeth whitening with veneers will not be the most effective option. For such purposes, it is better to choose lumineers – they are not so transparent as ceramic constructions. The indications for veneers:
- Teeth which changed their color owing to the treatment of channels or the effect of tetracycline.
- Crooked or too short teeth.
- Wide interdental spaces.
- The problem of “gummy smile”.
- The weak tone of the skin and muscles of the lower part of face. By placing veneers on teeth, dentists achieve a lifting effect for the cheeks.
What to Choose: Veneers or Crowns?
Veneers and crowns are completely different constructions in regard to their purpose. Veneering improves an external appearance of the smile. Crowns are installed for the treatment for caries and its complications. Veneers don’t treat and have no function. Crowns restore functionality of a tooth and protect it from re-occurrence of various processes. Whether it is better to put veneers or crowns on front teeth should be decided by the doctor, depending on the indications and contraindications. If in your “smile zone” there are a lot of fillings for cavities, instead of the ceramic pads you should choose crowns. The doctor may also recommend you a veneer on broken or chipped front tooth.
Contraindications to Veneers
- In addition to extensive tooth decay and multiple fillings, pulpless teeth were until recently also listed in the list of contraindications to veneering. Today, however, many podiatrists don’t consider it an obstacle to the installation of veneers.
- Bruxism and malocclusion have to be eliminated before the procedure.
- People not complying with the basic rules of oral hygiene should not think of veneering.
- Is it possible to put veneers if there is malocclusion? Likely not, but the final decision is up to the doctor. If you have problems with incorrect occlusion, prosthesis can cause damage to the structure and disruption of the lower temporal-mandibular joint.
What Happens to Teeth Under Veneers?
The condition of the teeth under the veneers should not change if the constructions are set correctly. The junction between the natural tissues and micro denture should be very smooth and tight. Otherwise, a veneer contributes to the occurrence of caries due to accumulation of plaque on the borders of a tooth and an overlay. A quality renovation and regular visits to the hygienist will help prevent the problem. It should be noted that veneers can’t just be removed, the constructions are only replaced.
Color of Veneers – from A1 to B1
For choosing the color of veneers, a special scale Vita is used. According to this, the whitest plates have the shade of A1, corresponding to the lightest dental surface of natural teeth. Veneers of the color B1 are slightly darker. They don’t look very aesthetically pleasing, but they do look more natural than the renovation A1. Basically, the color of denture can be any, which is rather useful when installing veneers on one or two teeth. Often after veneering, patients are interested in whether it is possible to whiten veneers. Unfortunately, not. To whiten micro-prosthetics is not possible, veneers are replaced with other constructions of different shade.
The Lifespan of Veneers
How many years do veneers hold on the teeth? Their life span is from 10 to 15 years. How can it be prolonged?
- First and foremost, you should not forget about oral hygiene. The boundary between the artificial material and the tooth enamel becomes a kind of risk. The presence of veneers requires a careful and regular care of the oral cavity. An irrigator for the mouth will serve as the best assistant here.
- In order to avoid damage of renovation, try not to consume food dyes and highly acidic foods.
- Excessive load causes damage of veneers. You shouldn’t bite nuts or try to use your teeth as a bottle opener.
- It is advisable to wear at night special gum shields for those suffering from bruxism. It will also help increase the lifespan of the veneers.
- And – most importantly – remember to regularly visit the dentist. It is the only way to detect the problem timely and effectively eliminate it.