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Sometimes even if we experience dental problems, we try to put off visits to the doctor, for fear of pain, discomfort, and the dental office, to say nothing about problems with gums. Many do not think gum diseases something serious, hoping that everything will resolve itself, but swelling of the gums left untreated can cause severe consequences.
The Reasons for Swollen Gums
There is many a factor causing swelling of the gums, therefore, to undergo proper and effective treatment, it is important to figure out the exact reason for the problem.
Note!According to the type of sources, two types of swelling are distinguished: general and localized, each of which has its own reasons.
If the swelling is caused by incorrectly carrying out hygienic procedures of the oral cavity, it is necessary to change the instruments used and/or toothpaste. Often the cause of injury to the gums is hard toothbrushes and irritating chemical components included in the composition of cleaners and rinses. As a result of their use, there appears a general swelling, which also may indicate the presence of allergic reactions. Swollen gum around one tooth after eating may take place if you damaged the tissue of the gums by some solid food.
In addition, trauma to gums may be caused by mechanical action on the affected area. For example, an incorrectly installed prosthesis or chipped tooth can injure the gums, resulting in swelling. Often there occur swollen gums around tooth after filling. In addition, the filling (even if set properly) can trigger an allergic reaction, which also must be considered. There are situations when the gums swell after removal of a diseased tooth. This happens in the following cases:
- A natural reaction of the organism to tissue damage (it takes 2-3 days).
- The infection of the gums due to non-compliance of hygiene of the oral cavity in the postoperative period or due to inadequate processing of medical instruments in the dental clinic.
The tumor along with bleeding testifies to the development of gingivitis. Patients suffer from pain in inflamed areas, they try to avoid exposure to them. Pain and local swelling can be a sign of the development of the flux or the presence of cysts. General swelling can be caused by the development of such disease as scurvy, which is caused by a severe deficiency of vitamin C. In this case, you should consult with your physician about the appropriate diet.
The eruption of teeth (including third molars, or wisdom teeth) can also cause swelling. In this case (if no other unpleasant feelings are observed) you should not exercise excessive concern, it is enough to maintain good hygiene of the oral cavity and to minimize any impact on the inflamed gums.
However, swelling around erupting wisdom tooth in cheek accompanied by pain and discomfort should be a reason for treatment in dental clinic. Swelling can also be caused by abscess of gum or exacerbation of periodontitis. According to statistics, about 90% of the cases of visits to the dentist because of the swelling of gums are caused by these reasons. The appearance of swelling of the gums may be preceded by pain in the tooth, but in some cases swollen gum around one tooth causes no pain. In addition, the tooth is slightly mobile, and any touch to it causes increased pain.
The Methods to Apply
Treatment of swollen area is carried out in accordance with the detected cause of the edema. If the swelling has arisen on the background of periodontitis or gingivitis, first of all the very inflammatory process is eliminated, then the treatment of the tooth is applied. Treatment of pathological processes in the gums is about carrying out a number of dental procedures as well as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy. In any case you must not heat swollen gums! This could cause a further spread of swelling on the facial bone. Besides, there is a huge risk of suppurative processes, which greatly complicates the treatment.
Treatment for Swollen Gums around a Tooth
If the reason was the development of pathological processes in the oral cavity, what should be done first? First of all, a doctor will conduct the necessary procedures that will rid you of the problem appeared. This may be the infilling of the tooth (if the inflammatory process develops inside the root canal), followed by thorough cleansing and treatment with antibacterial drugs, then a new filling is installed. In severe cases surgery is performed to remove a diseased tooth.
What Should Be Done if a Gum Is Swollen: First Aid
At home it is difficult to determine what needs to be done for the relief of the inflammatory process. But most people faced with this problem prefer to do without the assistance of a dentist (provided that there are no more worries). In order to prevent more severe consequences, you should not resort to radical methods of self-medication. To prevent the spread of the inflammatory process, it is recommended using tinctures having antibacterial effect. Among the efficient remedies sold in a pharmacy without a prescription you can try Metalex or Stomatidin. To ease the patient’s condition, the use of special antiseptic preparations is allowed, which you can prepare yourself or purchase in a drugstore. For treatment at home you can use the following drugs: