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In case of postoperative edema, do not worry – this is a natural process. However, it is necessary to observe your body and determine whether the tumor is an indicator of complications. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor, not making independent attempts to get rid of the swelling.
When Swelling Is a Reason to Visit a Doctor?
- Alveolitis is the most common complication after tooth extraction. It occurs as a result of infection in the injured tissue of the tooth socket. Most often it is formed on the background of inflammatory processes that accompany the removal – periodontitis, stomatitis and others. In the case of postoperative alveolitis, it is necessary to consult a doctor, because the swelling will only increase. It may be also accompanied by other symptoms of infection.
- Removal due to a purulent process. In this case, it is necessary to cut the gum to bleed. During the operation, the surgeon cannot see whether the damaged tissue has been completely removed. Often there are inter-root partitions in the wound. There may be a fragment of the root apex or a fragment of dental tissue. In this case, swelling after tooth extraction is also a consequence of the inflammatory process, which will progress until the doctor cleans the wound. You should not try to remove the swelling yourself, because the means eliminating physiological edema will not help. In addition, you will need to take antibiotics to stop inflammation.
- Infection of the dry hole. Inflammation in the wound can develop due to the fact that, due to overly active dental care, the patient’s hole is deprived of a protective blood clot. An infection that causes inflammation and swelling gets inside and can lead to the formation of flux. Only a doctor can help, treating the wound with a special medication.
- Insufficient sanitary treatment. That is, the infection is brought into the wound directly during the operation, because the doctor has treated the wound incorrectly. Only re-cleaning will help.
- Fragmented residues. The myths that the surgeon has forgotten scissors or any other tool inside the patient during surgery, unfortunately, are not groundless. It is rather difficult to leave something in the wound from the tooth extraction, but incomplete removal is possible when the pathogenic fragment remains in the gingival tissue, begins to rot and causes inflammation.
- Root cyst. It can be present at the roots of the tooth to be extracted, and can be formed after surgery. In any case, pus is collected in the voids formed by necrotic tissue. The cyst must be removed, the cavity should be sanitized.
When the Swelling Can Be Removed at Home?
If this is a common traumatic (physical) swelling after tooth extraction, you can reduce it at home by helping the soft tissues to recover more quickly using the allowed procedures. Causes of physiological edema:
- Removal of an impacted tooth
- Removal of a dystopian tooth
- Chronic diseases
- Allergic reaction
Treatment of Hard Swelling after Tooth Extraction
In general, physiological edema does not require any treatment. But if the patient wants to reduce its manifestations, it is necessary to observe certain rules and take appropriate measures.
- To prevent swelling, you need to sit quietly in a comfortable chair for thirty minutes immediately after tooth extraction. This will restore blood flow and normalize the process of tightening the wound.
- A gauze swab with a medicine that the doctor puts on the wound should be kept as long as required (usually no more than half an hour), and then removed. This will help to create a blood clot that will prevent infection of the wound and the occurrence of complications.
- In private clinics, the patient is offered a cold compress (a bag of crushed ice applied to the cheek) immediately after extraction. If not, you can make a cold compress at home. Edema will be significantly reduced if you apply ice no later than an hour after the operation.
- If the removal process was difficult, and the soft tissues were seriously damaged, the doctor may prescribe drugs that reduce swelling to prevent a strong tumor.
- Sleep on a high pillow or raise the head of the bed. This will help to organize the outflow of blood from the surgery site and reduce swelling.
- You should not eat earlier than it is recommended by the doctor (usually not earlier than two or three hours after surgery). Also, do not drink for an hour.
- It is strictly forbidden to touch the hole with your tongue, fingers or any other objects.
- Do not warm the place of surgery and do not take hot drinks.
- Do not go to the sauna or beach within a few days after extraction, do not do hard work, do not exercise.
- Do not take alcohol, do not smoke and do not drink carbonated drinks, as well as sweet, sour or salty food, everything that has a pronounced taste and can cause irritation of the hole.
- Do not rinse the mouth.
- Oral hygiene from the side of the removed tooth should be postponed to a later time, when the hole is tightened.
- Try not to worry about you “appearance”, even in case of eye swelling after tooth extraction. Stress, formed on the background of anxiety, may increase swelling.
If the condition even slightly worsens, and there are one or more symptoms indicating a complication, you should go to the doctor as soon as possible. Do not take any independent actions (you can only take painkillers if the pain increases). If you have experienced the procedure of tooth extraction, observe your condition for several days. In the absence of deterioration you can begin recovery procedures. In any case, do not worry about the asymmetry of the cheeks. The calmer you will relate to the fact of the tumor, the sooner it will disappear.