Many of us have faced stomatitis, but people underestimate its danger, considering it as a completely harmless disease that does not require serious treatment. This is the mistake which sometimes leads very unpleasant consequences. Under the term “stomatitis on gums” doctors mean the formation of small ulcers on the gums, mucous membranes of the cheeks and lips, the appearance of which is accompanied by several symptoms. In this article you will learn why the sores appear on the gums and what treatment may pre prescribed.
Stomatitis in gums can be of different forms, so the symptoms in each case may vary. But in general, we can distinguish a set of universal symptoms that often occur during this disease.
- Absolutely all forms of stomatitis are accompanied by redness of the mucous membranes of the lips, cheeks, gums and tongue. This is the way the body reacts to pathogens.
- The appearance of bubbles and sores in the mouth. Usually they are quite painful, bring inconvenience during meals.
- In some forms of stomatitis the temperature rises. It can be subfebrile or very high depending on the severity of the disease. Usually the appearance of this symptom is characteristic of herpetic stomatitis.
- Sometimes regional lymph nodes increase in size.
Causes of Stomatitis
There are a lot of possible reasons for stomatitis on gums. But it should be emphasized that most often it develops against a background of weakened immunity, beriberi or anemia. Therefore, the risk group also includes people who recently had a serious illness, surgery or those who were treated with antibiotics. There are several main factors that can lead to the appearance of stomatitis.
- The most common cause is infections transmitted by airborne droplets or contact. This includes herpes, measles and chickenpox. Fungus can be also mentioned.
- Injuries. When mucosa is burnt with hot food or when it is damaged by the sharp edge of the tooth, prosthesis, braces and small wounds are formed. Bacteria present in the dental plaque penetrate in them provoking the onset of inflammation and the appearance of stomatitis in gums.
- Quite often this disease is associated with allergic reactions to a variety of substances. It can be food, various dental products, or medicines.
- Stomatitis is often diagnosed simultaneously with diseases of the digestive tract. They provoke the development of catarrhal stomatitis.
- Smoking is an additional factor that provokes the development of mucosal damage and penetration of bacteria into them. This is because smokers intensively accumulate plaque and reduced local immunity of gums.
What Drugs Are Used for Treatment?
Methods of effective treatment of stomatitis depend on its type. Usually, doctors prescribe a complex drug therapy, combining pills, the use of ointments and mouthwash. Treatment of each form of the disease has its features.
- With herpetic stomatitis, antiviral agents and antiseptic rinses are prescribed. Additional efforts are made to strengthen the general and local immunity. With a strong increase in temperature, it is better to take antipyretics.
- With aphthous stomatitis antihistamines and rinsing means like “Miramistin” are prescribed, physiotherapy is performed. It is also necessary to strengthen the immune system.
- Fungal stomatitis requires the creation of an alkaline environment, so you need to start treatment with soda rinses. Also, antifungal ointments are used. In complicated cases, drugs for internal administration are prescribed. Among them are “Diflucan” and “Fluconazole”.
If you have started the treatment in due time you will quickly get rid of this unpleasant phenomenon. Consult a doctor when the slightest signs of stomatitis appear on the gums and in other areas of the oral mucosa.