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In specialized dental clinics extraction operations are performed in strict compliance with the technology of surgical intervention, using sterile medical instruments according to GOST. However, even with a qualitatively performed operation, complications may still occur. Most often this is due to the weakening of the patient’s immunity. Even with extremely sterile instruments and compliance with postoperative technology of wound treatment, if the body is unable to resist the bacterial environment of the oral cavity, there is inflammation of the alveolar socket and there is pus in hole after tooth extraction. Take into account that tooth extraction is most often associated with purulent complications of caries (pulpitis, periodontitis, periostitis). Aggressive bacteria (staphylococci, streptococci) expand the affected area and can cause inflammation of the hole.
Another cause of inflammation and suppuration of the wound after surgery may be non-compliance with the rules of oral hygiene. After the operation, a qualified dentist always gives recommendations for the care of gums and teeth. It is in the interest of the patient to strictly follow these recommendations. Violation of the technique of the operation, mechanical damage to the walls of the hole can also provoke an inflammatory process at the site of the removed tooth. An open wound formed after tooth extraction is exposed to the pathogenic environment of the oral cavity and is infected without proper treatment. There is pus in hole after tooth extraction. At the first symptoms of alveolitis (inflammation of the tooth socket), you should immediately contact your dentist for help.
In addition, inflamed gums fester. Complications arising after surgery are manifested through the following symptoms:
- the emergence and increase of pain (strong pulling and pulsating pain in the gum). Te pain does not pass on its own and last for several days;
- bad breath, released purulent exudate from the injured area of the gum, there is pain and swelling of the hole, swelling of the face;
- redness of the hole, the appearance of cyanosis due to venous stasis;
- deterioration of health, general weakness, fatigue, lethargy, intense headache;
- fever up to 38 degrees and above, chills, muscle pain;
- difficulty in swallowing and chewing food.
The body reacts to the development of the inflammatory with shooting pain in the jaw, gradually spreading to the temple area and along the course of the trigeminal nerve. If you have one of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.
What Should Be Done?
The main thing you could do to remove the possible consequences after tooth extraction is timely treatment. At the very first symptoms of inflammation and suppuration, it is necessary to seek qualified dental care. The earlier you start treatment, the more likely you are to recover. Otherwise, there may be serious consequences such as pus in hole after tooth extraction. The therapy will become difficult and expensive. Conservative treatment includes antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is important to carry out antiseptic procedures. Ypu should not clean the hole from clots of pus yourself. This should only be done by the dentist. After thorough cleaning of the hole, it should be filled it with medicine.
Note!With prolonged presence in the area of inflammation antibiotics cope well with purulent discharge from the gums and holes. Drugs with high penetrating power include Sumamed, Azithral, Kerithromycin (macrolide antibiotics), lincosamides, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones.
The following medications are used to rinse the mouth:
- Stomatidin, etc.
The following drugs are used to relieve inflammation and relieve pain: Meloxicam, Voltaren, Nurofen, Ketonal, Ibuprofen, Nimesulide etc.
Often in the treatment of alveolitis, Finlepsin is prescribed, which effectively relieves neurological pain, normalizes the mental state of the patient, improves mood. At home, you can rinse the mouth using the infusion of oak bark, tea tree oil, sage broth, chamomile, calendula, calamus root.
Prevention of Postoperative Complications
Prevention of suppuration and pus in hole after tooth extraction is based on the creation of conditions for the formation of a strong blood clot in the hole. To prevent the development of inflammation and formation of ulcers, you should perform several preventive measures:
- Treat the wound carefully, remove any bone remnants, fragments of a tooth;
- When the tooth is extracted because of the purulent complication of tooth decay, it is necessary to remove the granuloma. Do not rinse your mouth to prevent washout of blood clot;
- in order to prevent the collapse of the blood clot under the influence of infection due to chronic diseases, provide antibiotic therapy with intramuscular administration, combining them with injections around the wound.
What Is So Dangerous about the Problem?
In the absence of timely and adequate treatment of pus and inflammation in the hole, it can lead to the development of serious pathologies. This is due to the expansion of the zone of influence of the resulting infection. As a result, respiratory failure and pulmonary edema may occur. If nothing is done after removing the tooth when the gums begin to fester, the process can spread to other teeth and soft tissues. Thus, to avoid the terrible consequences after extraction, it is necessary to strictly observe all the recommendations of the dentist. If you have the first signs of inflammation in the hole, indicated by the formation of pus, do not perform self-treatment! You need to go to a dental clinic and conduct therapy under the supervision of a doctor.