What Should I Do if a Part of Tooth Chipped at Gum Line?


03.08.2018
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Beautiful and healthy teeth are everyone’s dream. To have a bright smile, it is necessary to thoroughly care of the oral cavity and to regularly visit the dentist. Unfortunately, a failed event and subsequent mechanical damage to the tooth can lead you to the dentist with one question – is it possible to restore a tooth if a part of tooth chipped at gum line or even at the root? In this article you will learn what can be done in these cases.

What Can Fracture a Tooth?

bottom front tooth chipped at gum lineThe tooth is a complex element of our body, treatment of which takes a great deal of time and money. We all know that it is necessary to maintain oral health; however, there are cases when a part of tooth chipped at gum line (or at any other place), and it gives great discomfort and looks horrible, especially when it comes to incisors. In some people it is associated with genetically weak teeth, when they are very susceptible to temperature changes, the gums are sensitive, and the enamel is fragile. Others are faced with the destruction of tooth resulted from the diseases such as dental caries, increased dental abrasion and traumatic periodontitis. It can affect the enamel (the top layer of the tooth) and dentin (the bottom solid layer of the tooth, which hides the pulp and nerve endings), but there are cases when the tooth is completely destroyed. It is necessary to find out immediately after injury whether the tooth can be restored. Below you will find criteria for evaluating the recoverability of the tooth in cases of mechanical damage.

In Which Cases a Tooth Can be Restored?

To find out whether it is possible to restore the cracked tooth, you need to know the extent of the damage. Of course, if at least some part of the tooth remained in the mouth, it will not be difficult to build it up. Specialists will help you even if there is only a root. But, before beginning the restoration, the dentist must make sure that you do not have the following diseases:

  • bottom upper tooth chipped at gum lineBruxism (teeth grinding);
  • Inflammatory processes in the mouth;
  • Bad habits associated with opening bottles, biting through threads and so on;
  • Diseases of the blood and nervous system;
  • Dental caries;
  • Malocclusion;
  • Noncompliance with oral hygiene;
  • Excessive mobility of the teeth.

Besides the question of health, another important factor is the financial well-being as the recovery and restoration of the tooth are worth a great deal of money that can significantly hit your budget.

How to Restore a Tooth in Different Degrees of Damage?

Restoration of Chipped Front Tooth

If a small part of bottom front tooth chipped at gum line (it may be an upper tooth as well), that is more of an aesthetic problem; in this case, it is possible to build up the crown with filling material. For this purpose, a doctor will give you anesthesia, put a dental dam and build up a broken area.

The Restoration of Half of the Tooth

If half of the bottom or upper tooth chipped at gum line, it can also be restored. For this purpose, an artificial crown is used (in some cases root canal posts are also acceptable). There are specialists who can refuse to restore the remaining half of the tooth. Do not despair – you should only find a more qualified dentist, because in the 21st century it is possible to restore a tooth almost at any stage of damage.

The Tooth Restoration From One Side

If you have one side of the tooth, it is possible to restore it. With the help of artificial crowns, doctors can restore the whole tooth and protect it from further destruction. The use of root canal posts makes sense only if it is the incisors or canines that are affected; the root canal posts will not be able to cope with molars. In addition, the crown is more reliable, especially in the case when there is half of your tooth left.

Restoration of the Tooth Fractured at the Root

upper tooth chipped at gum lineIf the tooth broke at the root, it depends on the length of the root whether it is possible to restore it. It must be enough for implant placement. The wall thickness in the remaining root of the broken tooth must be at least 1 mm. In this case, a doctor at first strengthens the remaining tooth with a root canal post or copings; then the question of the restoration of the aesthetic appearance arises. As soon as the form of the tooth is restored, the dentist proceeds to the crown. He chooses the most appropriate color of the enamel that fits the color of your teeth; to create the outer layer, the dentist uses different composite materials; and then the implant is ground for maximum naturalness.

The Restoration of Completely Destroyed Tooth

It is currently an open question whether it is possible to restore a completely destroyed tooth. It depends on whether there is at least some part of the root left and if so, whether it makes sense to restore it. In this case, the best solution may be not building up, but the prosthesis. Before you decide whether to restore the tooth or to install an artificial one, get your oral cavity carefully examined and consult a qualified dentist.

So, restoring the tooth is a complex process, but, thank God, is quite real. If you have a chipped or broken tooth, you should not wait, and immediately ask for help to prevent further destruction of the tooth. If there is only a root left, you should also not delay; high-quality root canal posts or an artificial crown will help. The most important thing is finding a competent expert – then your teeth will serve you for years and decades.

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