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A dead tooth is a tooth that is no longer vital or has a pulp removed. It is called dead because it doesn’t get nutrients and feel pain any longer. Somehow it resembles a fruit, plucked off the tree or a bush, for it still possesses its properties, but can’t grow and develop.
Causes of Dead Teeth Appearance
The most common reason for tooth death is having pulp extracted. This step is taken due to pulpitis when the nerve is already inflamed and useless and brings severe pain, which leads to the infection.
Note!In fact, it is the pulp which supplies a tooth with nutrients to strengthen the enamel and the dentin. If the nerve is removed, the tooth will become fragile, darken and decay even being properly taken care of and regularly cleaned.
Sometimes the death of the pulp occurs without medical intervention. It can happen because of an injury, for example, if you hurt your jaw badly and do not go to the doctor. In this case, a tooth usually hurts for a while, but then the pain goes away, and the tooth becomes invalid due to the death of the pulp. You can also lose the nerve if you have long suffered pain from pulpitis, using painkillers and folk medicine. For instance, one of strong remedies that relieve pain is propolis. Being applied to the tooth, it helps to get rid of aching, but the tooth is still decaying.
Features of Dead Teeth
A tooth is considered to be dead when there are no valid tissues left, and only dentin and enamel are preserved. It can be recognized on the basis of the following signs:
- Right after the pulp extraction, the tooth can be greyish, and some time later it gets much darker.
- It doesn’t react to cold and hot products anymore.
- The tooth can be affected by caries, but the pain from sweet food getting into the hole is not felt.
- The greyish tooth gradually crumbles and decays.
Reasons for Pain in Dead Teeth
An invalid tooth itself cannot hurt, it is the nerve which was responsible for pain, but it is not there anymore. In fact, the oral cavity is a complex structure, where everything is interconnected, so the pain can be reflected to the adjacent teeth and soft tissues. Pain in dead tooth after root canal is a common phenomenon. When anaesthesia wears off, the sensitivity of the oral cavity increases and the overall health of the patient degenerates a bit. The tooth can ache during a day or two. The pain can be relieved with painkillers (remember to use those ones prescribed by the dentist). If the pain is intense, swelling and bad breath appear, it’s high time to see a doctor.
Another reason for the pain is improper treatment. The system of dental canals is very complex and curved, so sometimes the doctor can not remove the inflamed nerve in whole. As a result, the pulp remains in the tooth, and, though partially, it stays valid. In such a case, pain in dead tooth usually occurs after biting cold, hot and sweet products, as well as while chewing them. It means that the tooth must be immediately treated by re-cleaning all the channels. The best way for an experienced doctor to do this is to make use of a microscope.
Another typical reason for pain in dead tooth is the allergy to the filling. This substance comes into contact with the mucosa and tissues of the tooth, and if a patient is not tolerant to it, swelling, pain, a rise in temperature and rash will occur. The situation can be simply improved by removing the filling, prescribing antihistamines, and the following filling with another material. Sometimes throbbing pain in dead tooth can be the reflection from the neighbouring teeth. It is possible when the dentition is very tight, and caries or pulpitis of the adjacent tooth can be felt as pain in a non-vital neighbour. Sometimes even the opposite jaw can ache.
A tooth should not get dead. The problem is not only loss of sensation and its darkening, but also the short term of existence because of constant decay. If it is filled incorrectly, only 2-3 or 6-7 years at the most will be left until its complete destruction. However, if you deal with a qualified dentist, he will do the job properly, and the tooth will be preserved for more than 10 years.