Tooth extraction is an unpleasant procedure, but, unfortunately, it is inevitable, if the tooth is already impossible to save. In most cases, after anesthesia the alveolar socket of a remote tooth slightly sore, but the pain soon subsides. However, if after 1-3 days after tooth removal pain arises again and do not pass even after taking pain medication, the alveolar socket inflammation – Alveolitis possibly started. Alveolitis – inflamed hard tissues. This problem may occur if there is not normal healing of the alveolar socket.
Note!Antibacterial dental gel like METROGIL can help to solve this problem as it eliminates the bacteria in the oral cavity, excellent fights inflammation.
The Causes of Disease
- Traumatic tooth extraction. Often the cause of alveolitis is a traumatic dental procedure. Trauma can be obtained, if the tooth was extracted by parts. During the operation sometimes there can occur damaged gums or partially destroyed hard tissues of the alveolar socket. In this case, healing occurs over long-term compared with uncomplicated removal and often accompanied by emergence of alveolitis.
- Getting foreign particles into the alveolar socket. Sometimes pain after surgical tooth extraction occur as a result of falling in the socket parts a dental plaque, fragments of a remote tooth or bone fragments of alveolus. In addition, the cause of pain and destruction can the destruction of the blood clot.
- Poor hygiene of alveolar socket. Healing the alveolus occurs through the formation of a blood clot. This biological barrier protects alveolar socket from getting infections and inflammation. After some time the clot is replaced by newly formed hard tissue. It is not recommended within 24 hours after a dental procedure eat a rough, hot or spicy food as this can destroy the blood clot. In addition, pay attention when you brush your teeth or rinse your mouth. Not following recommendations of a dentist can cause a blood clot, Alveolitis and pain after a week of tooth extraction.
- Infection. Sometimes the cause of dental operations is chronic periodontitis – inflammation of the tissues that surround the root. If your tooth is extracted and its alveolar socket hurts, this can happen due to infection in it.
- The emergence of dry alveolar socket after tooth extraction. Dry alveolar socket after tooth extraction is one of the complications of dental procedures. Older people, smokers and women who takes contraceptives can have this problem. Sometimes a blood clot is not formed on the tooth place and this slows healing. Then dull or acute pain after 3 days of tooth extraction appears. It often seems that the pain is spreading toward the ear. Dry alveolar socket can cause bad breath or taste in the mouth. It looks as follows: blood or pus on it are absent, but the bone is exposed. In this case, you should address to the doctor. To relieve pain, the doctor puts a bandage soaked in medicine on a dry alveolar socket.
What to Do if a Tooth Was Removed?
- Stop the bleeding. If you extracted the tooth, a doctor will tell what to do in the first hours after surgery. For some time after the procedure blood can flow from alveolar socket. To stop the bleeding, it is necessary to impose a cotton swab on an empty alveolus, bite down and hold it tightly within 45 minutes. If the blood will continue, consult a dentist for treatment after tooth extraction.
- Do not hurt a blood clot. A blood clot formed on the tooth place is important for healing, so precautions must be observed in order not to injure it.
- You may damage a clot eating solid food or with a toothbrush or toothpick. Brushing your teeth is mandatory, but do this carefully. If you do not follow oral hygiene, infection accumulates in the mouth and can cause pain and inflammation of the alveolus that requires a doctor’s treatment after tooth extraction.
- Avoid hot and cold meals. During the day do not take very cold or hot food and drinks. Changes in temperature lead to narrowing and widening of blood vessels, which can cause the development of bleeding from the alveolar socket. For the same reason doctors don’t recommend go to the sauna, take a hot bath or shower. Also in the first day after the dental procedure it is not desirable to drink alcoholic beverages.