Table of Contents
One of the most common problems faced by patients is neck swelling after tooth extraction. Such edema can occur when removing any tooth, but it is most pronounced when removing chewing teeth (root), including wisdom teeth.
Let us talk about this problem in more detail and consider the most common issues in this situation:
- Is it necessary to worry and run urgently to the doctor if there is neck swelling after tooth extraction;
- How can we prevent the development of serious edema;
- What accompanying symptoms should be considered as very disturbing, in which it is desirable to seek medical help as soon as possible;
- How long does the swollen neck after tooth extraction usually last;
- What complications can arise if you incorrectly assess the situation and let the problem take its course;
- What exercises will help with difficult opening of the mouth (this is often observed after a complex removal of the lower teeth).
Note!Swelling is a common thing after tooth extraction. To understand how to treat swollen neck after wisdom tooth extraction, it is important to understand the nature of the appearance of edema.
Swollen cheek or lip (even before tooth extraction) may be the result of periodontitis (in the acute stage), periostitis or odontogenic osteomyelitis. A lot of people come to the doctor with a neglected condition of the tooth, which is manifested by the so-called “flux”. By its nature, flux is a purulent inflammatory process under the periosteum of the alveolar process or the body of the jaw of infectious origin, the focus of which is almost always localized in the root of the neglected tooth. After removing the tooth, the wound is filled with a blood clot, which should allow the immune factors to deal with the traces of infection and start the mechanism of successful healing of the hole. This mechanism is triggered by a cascade of inflammatory reactions-as a result, often on the 2nd day after tooth extraction, pain, swelling, fever and other unpleasant symptoms not only do not pass, but may even increase, causing anxiety in the patient.
How to Prevent the Development of Severe Edema after Tooth Extraction?
Consider the following tips that give a good effect in the complex:
- Application of cold on the first day after tooth extraction;
- Refusal of hot, hard and spicy food, as well as active physical activity and warming yourself (sauna, steam room, Solarium, hot tub);
- Taking drugs (non – steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, sometimes-hemostatics).
To avoid severe swelling after tooth extraction, most dentists recommend applying cold to the cheek area on the side where the hole is located. Again, not all dentists advise this method, since they are well aware that patients can perform the same instruction very differently. A bottle with cold water is the best option. Again, if the water is icy-you need to wrap a towel, and when the water warms-remove the towel or change the water. Retention time-15-20 minutes every 2 hours.
Note!As for drugs, there are many medications that prevent severe swelling and even reduce the already formed one. These drugs include antihistamines. People know them, first of all, as anti-allergic agents, but they can be called decongestant, too.
When choosing a drug you should take into account contraindications to its reception (eg, pregnancy, lactation, childhood, a number of diseases, etc.), as well as drug interaction while the use of other drugs. The doctor should tell you if this or that antihistamine in your situation is effective and safe.
Other Symptoms Accompanying the Swelling
The most common manifestations that accompany edema are:
- Body temperature rise;
- Deterioration of health;
- The appearance of pain (especially when swallowing, chewing and even during a conversation);
- Difficulty in opening the mouth (jaw hurt);
An increase in body temperature most often occurs on the first day after tooth extraction. This is a normal reaction of the body in response to surgery, but only in this context: in the evening it is the highest (up to 38.5°C), and in the morning – either 36.6, or slightly higher (not more than 37.5°C). In this case, we can say that the body is struggling normally, coping with the inflammatory process. The more teeth were removed at the same time, the stronger can be the response of the body.
How Long Does the Swelling Usually Last after Tooth Extraction?
According to some studies, the swelling can reach its maximum during 2-3 days, and this is not a deviation from the norm, as well as a slight increase in body temperature, deterioration in the general condition, the appearance of pain. All these are quite natural manifestations of post-traumatic inflammation.
The postoperative period lasts on average from 3 to 10 days. The main symptoms (swelling, pain) can be severe up to 3-4 days. Usually all unpleasant phenomena take place in a week, and in difficult cases – in two weeks. The main rule here is not to perform self-treatment without the advice and control of the dentist.