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In the given article we will examine what a lump on the gums above the tooth means and how it can harm our health. Like any other symptom, it tells us that in the body, particularly in the oral cavity, there is some problem, and it’s time to see a specialist. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to do it immediately after detecting the problem. There are usually plenty of reasons:
- desperate busyness;
- a fear of dentists;
- the absence of a ticket at the reception to your dentist;
- the absence of pain.
But there is a great desire to know what is happening to you and what it can threaten with. We immediately rush to laptops, smartphones and start googling our problem. It is the case with many of us, isn’t it? This is a normal reaction. A person is prone to self-control, especially as we are talking specifically about his health.
The appearance of lumps near the tooth on the gum tissue in the dental practice is a widespread phenomenon. It can testify to an inflammatory process or an injury. In order to prevent this unpleasant process, we should pay special attention to our oral hygiene. Often brushing our teeth in the morning and in the evening is not enough, and many ignore the importance and the feasibility of using dental floss and antibacterial rinsing elixirs.
Now, on reflection, you remember that the last time you have not eaten any traumatic food (biscuits, fish bones), and the teeth are properly looked after, but a lump appeared. This indicates the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the skin. From this moment you need to think about seeing the dentist. Consider the most basic potential causes of a lump.
It is manifested in the form of small, boil on the gum with the size of up to five millimeters. The characteristic symptom of a fistula is a white spot on the inflamed site. This is the infiltration (in everyday life – pus in gum), which accumulate in the tissues and started looking for a way out. This process lasts more than one day. So, if a lump is apparent, the infection is not just settled, but also began to grow.
These purulent accumulations can come out by themselves, but putting off the visit to the doctor is fraught with consequences, the stage of the disease may transfer from acute to chronic – then to deal with it will be much harder and more expensive. To relieve inflammation is possible without any preparations. The most effective means in this case will be a solution of ordinary baking soda and salt. Use a teaspoon of soda and salt for one liter of water; take it every couple of hours.
The manifestation of this disease is observed mostly in the older generation, as a result of unfilled channel or pulpitis. The size of the lump on gums (no pain is usually felt in this case) is alarming. The appearance of swelling testifies to the inflammation of the root apex of the affected tooth and the localization of the source of infection. If you do not take the treatment of this disease, subsequently it is possible to obtain a cyst, which will lead to surgery.
Treatment of periodontitis is carried out by a doctor. Mouthwashes will not be enough, although they will not be superfluous. You will need to clean the roots, process them, go through the antibiotic course. All this will be under the strict medical supervision. And only after the end of the treatment channels are filled.
Periostitis occurs in “lucky” ones, in whom pus has not found the way out, as in the previous case. This is a more complicated form of periodontitis, in which the infiltration penetrates to the bone, causing swelling of the face, acute pain and fever. Also, a lump with pus is formed, which is called flux.
The treatment of this disease requires prolonged time and effort on the part of both doctor and patient. It is necessary to make the unfilling of the tooth, to broaden the channels, to purge them and to lay the medicinal preparation, covering it with a temporary filling. Only after 2-3 months the doctor can re-clean channels with the use of antiseptic and re-put the medicine at least for another two months. It turns out that the tooth can be treated up to six months, almost like a broken leg. At the same time, if you ignore treatment, the disease causes the formation of cysts, which lead to ultimate tooth loss.
This disease, which is a precursor of periodontitis, is caused by reluctance to devote proper attention to the teeth and not knowing what to do in this situation. Permanent accumulation of bacteria causes bleeding from the gums, they become inflamed, start to swell on the surface to form small lumps of red color.
As far as this disease is concerned, the best doctor is the patient responsible. With regular rinsing with herbs, laying healing gels and ointments and the steady adherence to the rules of oral hygiene the gingivitis subsides and does not bother the patient. But what happens if you ignore these simple rules? Read on and do not let it happen!
At this moment, teeth are already halfway to leave the jaw, and the appearance of lumps is one of the symptoms of this disease. They do not hurt, and the general background of the disease is the least of the problems. Because of the abundant number of bacteria on the teeth, plaque is formed, which turns into tartar. Teeth become loose, cracks appear in the gums pockets in which germs can exist even better. They cause suppuration and the formation of white lumps.
Remember!If you do not go to the dentist at this stage, the next visit can be already to a doctor-prosthetist.
But there is a chance to save the teeth and extend their life. To do this, the dentist needs to clean the teeth from plaque, to carry out the cleaning and processing of the pockets with antiseptics and to conduct a lecture with the patient about hygiene. In advanced cases, when the pocket size is excessively large, it is necessary to remove the pulp of the tooth, to carry out antibacterial therapy and complete the treatment with not the most pleasant procedure – curettage. In this case, the damaged tissue is removed.
It is another disease in which a lump is formed. In this case its amount can reach three inches. It is often the case of a lump on a gum after filling. Also, such corn may appear as a result of ongoing trauma to the gums for dentures or cracks in the teeth. Epulis requres surgery – it is the only method of treatment.
After removal or treatment of the tooth, the gums can be damaged by the tools. Their tissues are very delicate and react to injury by the appearance of small swellings in the form of solid watery bumps. They are mostly harmless and in a few days disappear. Taking drugs or undergoing medical procedures is not required.
One of the most unpleasant diseases in which a lump does not bother the patient or cause discomfort and does not hurt when pressed, but testifies to a serious disease. Causes of cysts and cystic capsules are numerous, often they do not depend on the patient directly. The cyst may be the result of a doctor’s failure, it may develop from respiratory diseases or have an infectious origin, it can be the result of injury or blow to the jaw. To identify the cyst is possible only after X-ray examination.
Only with the presence of a picture the doctor will be able to plan the next steps. A lazy doctor will probably prescribe a surgery for removal. But professional will be able to save the tooth.
Lump on the Gum above the Tooth in Children
Problems with teeth and gums occur not only in adults but also in children from the moment the first tooth started to erupt. And this too should be given due attention. The child must be accustomed to using a toothbrush, and then the greater part of the problems can easily be avoided in the future. The emergence of lumps on the gums in children may indicate the following.
- If the lump is white and tight – get ready for the appearance of another tooth. This process is often accompanied by pain and a temperature, so it is recommended to use local anesthetics for children.
- Often the appearance of white lumps beside the milk tooth tells about the appearance of molar which needs to grow in the place of the milk one. This situation cannot be neglected, you should refer to a pediatric dentist. Only he can give recommendations and take decision on the retention or premature removal of a baby’s tooth. In the future this visit can save a beautiful smile of your child.
- If the lump contains pus, you should immediately take the child to the doctor. He would probably advise to remove the baby’s tooth, but thereby it will be possible to stop the spread of infection and leave a permanent tooth healthy.
- The formation of pustules and the flux near permanent teeth in children also takes place. In such a situation, the doctor can open the lump to extract the purulent masses with further lavage and the administration of a course of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs.
By way of summing up it should be noted that most problems with teeth and gums can be avoided by observing basic rules. If you do not neglect any disorders and pain, if you visit a doctor when some problem appears, your oral cavity is most likely to be okay, and you will not have to undergo multiple unpleasant procedures.