Removable dentures are often the only solution for people with a lack of teeth. Lack of teeth is not only a huge aesthetic defect. It may also lead to serious health problems (malocclusion, indistinct diction, facial asymmetry, gum atrophy, stomach disorders). Modern removable plates help to restore all the functions of the teeth and allow you to return to normal life. However, one of the frequent complaints when using a denture is rubbing gum. What to do in such a situation? Consider some useful advice in this article.
Reasons for Irritation of the Gums Due to Dentures
The removable dental construction itself is perfect. The stages of its production consist of casting, modeling, manufacturing of plastic prosthesis, processing of the finished construction for installation. It is very difficult to take into account all the slightest bumps and hollows that are often present in the relief of the jaw. The material from which the plates are made is often harder than the soft tissues of the mucous membranes of the mouth.
Note!Therefore, even with the most accurate manufacture of removable plates and high skill of the doctor, you could not avoid all the inconveniences about denture rubbing gum.
Why and when can there be rubbing when wearing a denture? Most often it happens:
- After the initial application. At that, the so-called “prosthetic bed” is formed, which is located on the site of the mucosa in contact with the prosthesis. Discomfort here is quite normal (it lasts from 1 to 3 months). The appearance of sores (or abrasions) at the time of wearing the dental structures is fully justified. After all, the body needs time to adapt to an alien construction in the oral cavity.
- As a result of improper putting on. It is enough to put on a perfectly made prosthesis incorrectly and you will feel the denture rubbing the gum. Each removable denture has its own method of putting on, which should make it to “stand” in its place.
- After 5 years of wearing. In this case the irritation appears due to atrophy and shrinkage of the jaw bone with its covering mucous system. At the same time, the solid part of the base plate remains unchanged, which leads to violations of the jaw and prosthesis and the formation of unnecessary cavities. Pain is especially acute at the time of chewing, when the structure does not lie tightly on the gums and begins to move, causing pain. By the way, many dentists believe that with frequent complaints of denture rubbing the gum, it is not enough to simply adjust the construction. Often it is strongly recommended to create a new construction, taking into account all the changes in the jaw.
The main thing is not to worry too much. Do not think that you are the only patient facing this problem. Most often, the following measures can help in the fight against rubbing the denture:
- Independent adjustment of the prosthesis. The majority of patients do not rush to consult the doctor if the denture is rubbing. Some inventive people begin to use improvised means such as a small file or sand paper. Sometimes these methods are effective, especially if the excess plastic on the prosthesis is located on the edge. After cutting the excessive thickness of the plastic base it is polished with a piece of sand paper. However, you should be extremely delicate, so as not to damage the prosthesis completely or lead it to complete disrepair.
- Appeal to the dentist. The best way out of the problem is to consult your dentist. If the prosthesis is just made, it will be better to consult a specialist the day after installation. It usually takes several corrections to get rid of discomfort. It is important not to remove prostheses at night for at least 2 weeks in order to get used to it.
- The use of therapeutic oils helps with a variety of wounds and abrasions. Apply a napkin wetted with oil to painful places for 15-20 minutes three times a day. At this time, the dentition should be removed.
- Using gels and creams. Doctors often prescribe such remedies as: “Kamistad”, “Holisal”, “Solcoseryl dent.” It is especially important to use them in cases of prolonged rubbing which led to the formation of ulcers.
Are the unpleasant feelings from denture rubbing gum inevitable and nothing can be done about it? No, there’s something we can do. To prevent rubbing from removable prosthesis, follow the following recommendations:
- Avoid viscous, sticky (gum, toffee) or solid foods (nuts, seeds, crackers, vegetables or fruits in non-crushed form). This can lead to a violation or breakage of the dentition.
- Poor dental hygiene often leads to inflammation of the oral cavity. Removable plates should be washed under the tap after every meal. It is especially important to wash and clean the structure with a weak soap solution before going to bed.
- Use special tools for periodic disinfection of the prosthesis. In pharmacies, you can buy decontaminating agents for this (“Corega”, “Rocks”, “Protefix”, etc.). Usually the tablet dissolves in a glass of water and a removable structure is lowered there for a specified time.
- Once a year the prosthesis needs to be relocated. It begins to fit worse with time due to the natural processes of bone atrophy. If you miss the time for relocation, the structures will simply become unfit for wear.
- If there is a breakdown or crack, the removable plate can be repaired by an orthodontist. Do not try to fix any problems on the prosthesis yourself.