Table of Contents
Many people faced the diagnosis of a cyst on tooth root. But a few of them fully understand what it actually means. Let’s take a closer look at what it is, how to treat it and what is so dangerous about the cyst.
Causes of Cysts
Pathogens, as well as infections that are in the cavities on the roots, contribute to the formation of cysts (it looks like a little bag of pus). Diseases that may be initial causes:
- Advanced forms of of pulpitis and caries;
- Inflammation of the ligament that connects the root and gum tissue -periodontitis (it may also be chronic);
- Inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx in the stage of chronization (tonsillitis, sinusitis).
- Heavy eruption of the third molar. Often the appearance of a tooth is traumatic and infectious agents get inside, pus accumulates and forms a capsule;
- Cyst, which is formed as a result of inflammation under the artificial crown, toxic substances have no outlet and accumulate;
- Injury affecting the roots;
- Infection after poor treatment.
Classification of Cysts
|cyst on tooth root
|Keratocyst – remains of subaortalny tissue during the body formation|
|third molar cyst||Cyst after removal (mistakes or accumulation of infection) – residual|
|cysts in maxillary sinuses||Follicular cysts|
|cysts under the crown||Reticular cysts|
Danger of Cysts
The cyst begins to develop with a banal swelling of the gums. People are often shocked when they hear a doctor’s conclusion about the dental cyst. Dentists usually stay quiet about what it is and its causes. This is a formation of benign nature, which has a capsule that prevents spreading of infection to the surrounding tissue.
Note!The cyst may increase in size and destroy adjacent teeth. With rupture a cyst above tooth root can lead to blood infection. In such cases, it is possible to remove the cyst only together with the tooth. In the initial stages, the disease is asymptomatic. This is why it is insidious and dangerous.
Weakening of the immune system, infectious diseases and hypothermia can provoke an increase of the cyst in the size. Cysts often cause complications and consequences:
- They destroy bone tissue, which leads to the loss of teeth and jaw deformation, sometimes to their fracture;
- Formation of phlegmosn, abscesses, osteomyelitis;
- Development of chronic sinusitis (when located in the sinuses);
- Degeneration into a malignant formation;
Late stage of cyst are treated surgically. Initially, the purulent capsule does not manifest itself. A tooth with a cyst is found only in the picture of other nearby teeth. After some time, there is a weak pain when pressing on the gums or when biting. Timely therapy allows to cure the tooth without removal. The late stage of the disease has the following signs:
- Aching pain in the gums, it becomes hard to eliminate the pain;
- Sometimes there may be high temperature;
- Swelling, redness (hyperemia) of the gums, a cheek swells;
- Pain in the head (when located near the sinuses of the nose).
The final stage is accompanied by the formation of fistulas (passage from the cavity with pus and gum, which removes pus, after deformation of the pouch). Each stage is easy to diagnose by making an x-ray of the tooth.
Treatment or Removal
Is it possible to cure the cyst without removal of the tooth? — Yes, of course! Dentists are trying to cure a cyst above root canal of the tooth conservatively, without removal. However, removal is inevitable in the following cases:
- Running periodontal disease;
- Crack on the affected tooth;
- The tooth is destroyed and cannot be restored;
- The tooth is strongly loosened and is located in the affected area.
Which Treatment Method Is Better?
It is implemented when the cyst is small. The treatment is long. It lasts about three months and requires large investments. If the inflammation is very small, treatment is carried out quickly, during a couple of visits to the dentist. The canal is cleaned, the cystic formation is opened, a special gel is introduced and a temporary seal is installed. If the tooth does not hurt after a week, a constant seal is installed.
After mechanical opening, the cavity is treated with a laser that removes the contents and disinfects the wound.
Treatment with Surgery
The removal of the cyst by resection of the upper layer of the root. This technique preserves the tooth, allows not to carry out the filling of the channels and not to replace the crowns. If a pin is installed in the tooth, it is opened, breaking only the top of the chewing part.
To avoid the disease, follow the rules of prevention:
- Visit your dentist every six months for a routine examination;
- Once a year, take x-rays of the oral cavity;
- If a certain tooth causes discomfort, do not treat it yourself, seek qualified help at the first symptoms;
- Treat inflammation in the nasopharynx;
- Conduct regular oral hygiene;
- Use an antiseptic mouthwash;
- Avoid injuries to teeth, upper and lower jaw;
- Increase the body’s immune strength;
- Lead a healthy lifestyle.
You should treat your teeth in time if you want to avoid different unpleasant consequences.