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Dental plaque is not only an aesthetic problem, but also a potential threat to the person’s health. The formation of this defect begins with a small cluster of microscopic elements of food residues in the oral cavity. It can accumulate on the tooth enamel, between the teeth, in the subgingival space, on the mucous membranes of the mouth and even on the tongue, covering it like a film.
Note!The appearance of such a film creates a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic bacteria, which can be the cause of various pathologies from caries to periodontitis.
Causes of Brown Stuff on Teeth
Due to pathological changes, tooth extraction may be necessary. In order to understand how to deal with brown stuff on teeth, it is necessary to deal with the causes of its occurrence. It is believed that ordinary water gives the basis for the appearance of pathological accretion on the teeth. Reacting with phosphates, fluoride or calcium oxide, it provokes the formation of brown accretion in the oral cavity. The following factors can contribute to the appearance of brown stuff on teeth:
- Smoking and abuse of coffee or tea affects the color of the tooth enamel and its structure. Any existing formations on the teeth under the influence of tobacco or coffee and tea also darken;
- Insufficient hygiene or the use of substandard means will contribute to the fact that the teeth over time accumulate microscopic particles of food and other natural accretion;
- Eating only soft food adversely affects the health of the teeth, because they are not subjected to natural purification that occurs when the enamel friction on the solid elements of food.
- Unevenly distributed load on the jaw, when one side of the dentition is less involved in the chewing process than the other, can also be the cause of plaque formation. The provoking factor is the malocclusion, which complicates oral hygiene;
- Dental pathologies, diseases of the mucous membranes of the mouth or gums are perfect conditions for the growth of bacteria in the oral cavity. For microorganisms, the film of food residues on the teeth will be a favorable habitat. Multiplying, they will contribute to an even greater accumulation of “unhealthy” accretion on the teeth;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal or endocrine system indirectly affect the acid-base balance in the oral cavity, the composition of saliva and other aspects that affect the condition of the teeth, oral mucosa and the overall health of the oral cavity. Thus, as a result of some diseases brown stuff on teeth near gums may appear.
Brown plaque on the teeth of a child may be a sign of hypoplasia of the teeth. Sometimes the defect appears even in early childhood, when all the above reasons are manifested: due to gastrointestinal pathologies, malocclusion, lack of solid food in the menu or under the influence of other factors.
Types of Plaque and Its Signs
The stuff can be hard or soft. It also differs in color. It can be white, brown, green or even black. Accretion can appear not only on the teeth, but also on the mucous membranes, tongue or gums. But it is most noticeable on the tooth enamel.
Note!Enamel, which changed its color due to tobacco, coffee or tea may be difficult to clean.
Pathological accretion may have different locations:
- proximal brown dental plaque.
In combination with other negative factors, the stuff will manifest itself faster and will be more pronounced. For example, with poor oral hygiene and the presence of existing accretion in the oral cavity pigmentation under the influence of tobacco will be brighter. The plague occurred because of smoking manifests itself:
- in the form of brown accretion on the teeth in the cervical area;
- in a pale pink shade of gums and their moderate moisture;
- in the form of persistent bad breath.
Without treatment, the plaque will be more apparent. For example, smokers often have a completely brown back surface of the teeth.
Prevention and Treatment
Any plaque is not only a cosmetic defect, but also a threat to health. It affects the pigmentation of the enamel and may cause diseases of gums and teeth. The presence of brown stuff on teeth in morning is usually easily diagnosed by visual inspection. Prevention includes smoking cessation and minimizing the use of tea or coffee. It can be difficult to get rid of brown plaque. If at early stages you can cope with it with the help of careful oral hygiene, later you can remove it only with the help of professionals.
Dentists use different kinds of devices to remove plaque. As a rule, the professional sanitation of the oral cavity means removal of brown accretion and dental stones with ultrasound. Sometimes it is necessary to use the combined method when the chemical type of treatment is combined with mechanical one.
Dental plaque is first softened under the influence of chemicals, then the teeth are cleaned of pathogenic accretion by mechanical, manual or hardware exposure.