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Blood clot after tooth extraction appears on the first day and plays an important role in the healing process. What does the alveoli look like after extraction, what is to be done and what is not recommended in the postoperative period?
Brief Information about the Procedure
Tooth extraction is a serious full-fledged operation, which takes place in several stages:
- processing of the area to be operated,
- introduction of anesthetic drug.
- after the anesthetic begins to act, the surgeon proceeds to the extraction of the tooth from the hole. To do this, it is necessary to loosen the ligament that fixes the tooth. Sometimes, this is done using a scalpel.
- the final stage is wound treatment. The lacerations are sutured. If the wound does not need to be sewn, the doctor puts a tampon on top of it, soaked in a hemostatic drug. It should be held with the teeth for 20 minutes.
What Can Happen after the Surgery?
3-4 hours after the operation, the anesthetic continues to act, the patient either does not feel pain at all, or feels it poorly. The wound bleeds for several hours and then there is fluid with blood. After the removal of a wisdom tooth, the exudate can be released throughout the day, since the operated zone when removing the wisdom teeth is larger.
Do not worry if in the first few days after surgery you will have an unpleasant smell from the wound, this is a normal phenomenon. Blood accumulates in the hole and it is impossible to rinse the wound, so bacteria accumulate there. This provokes the appearance of smell. If the general condition is normal, you should not worry.
How to Care for the Hole after Surgery?
The main condition for normal healing is the formation of blood clot from tooth extraction. This clot protects the alveolus from infection and damage. The main task of the patient is to keep the blood clot in place. Consider the following:
- don’t blow your nose,
- brush your teeth carefully near the operated area,
- refrain from smoking,
- stick to the diet,
- avoid contact with the wound (do not touch it with your tongue, brush, toothpicks),
- do not brush your teeth on the day of extraction.
What Is a Blood Clot?
A blood clot consists of several platelets glued together. Large blood clot after tooth extraction is formed on the hole within 1-3 days. First, the clot has a sufficiently large shape, then decreases and disappears. The formation of this “protective shell” is a very important point in the process of wound healing.
Why Is Clot Formation Important?
The clot becomes a kind of “barrier” for the newly formed wound. It will protect it from penetration of food residues, bacteria and other harmful factors. Dried blood formed after tooth extraction can prevent irritation of the mucous membrane. After tooth extraction, gums can be sore for hours or even days. Discomfort will appear when foreign substances enter the hole. The pain will begin to recede as soon as the protective “barrier” is formed.
What Will Help You Recover Faster?
- There are a number of professional recommendations that help to recover:
Carefully use medicines that have been prescribed by the dentist.
- Brush your teeth carefully. The procedure should be carried with a soft toothbrush that will not harm the wound and the gums around it.
- Exclude hot food from your diet for a few days.
- Dairy products are strictly forbidden for three days.
- Avoid physical activity, do not visit the pool, gym, tennis court and other sports grounds.
- It is strictly forbidden to warm up the side of the jaw where the tooth was removed.
- If the removal procedure was very difficult and there are certain consequences, it is necessary to be observed by your doctor to monitor the healing of the wound.
- Eat liquid food only. It should not be too cold or hot – eat only warm dishes that will not irritate the wound.
- Do not smoke and drink alcohol.
Remember!Huge blood clot after tooth extraction is quite a normal condition during the first days after removal. However, you should consult a specialist in case of complications.
In what cases a patient who has undergone the removal of a tooth should quickly contact a dentist? There are the main symptoms that should alert the patient:
- Acute and prolonged pain, which is simply impossible to remove with the help of drugs for pain relief.
- Bleeding from the hole lasts more than half a day. Also abundant amount of blood of scarlet color is not the best symptom.
- The jaws begin to numb actively, and the numbness itself continues for more than a few days after the immediate operation.
- Body temperature rises to 38 degrees.
- Strong and painful swelling, which prevents the normal opening of the mouth and swallowing food and liquid.