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In most cases, after the dentist removes the tooth, a blood clot is formed, which protects not only from infection, but also from further bleeding. Bleeding after tooth extraction is divided into primary and secondary one. Secondary bleeding can occur with suppuration, inflammation and under the influence of various drugs. If even after a day or two the bleeding after tooth extraction does not stop, you need to find out the cause of this state. Most likely, you will have to pass several tests.
Why Does It Continue to Bleed?
To begin with, let us find out why the bleeding does not stop? There can be several reasons. Sometimes even 2-3 reasons simultaneously lead to the fact that the patient is worried about his health.
- So, number one is high blood pressure. It can be caused by nervous disorders and stress or hypertension. The blood from the wound continues to go, the hole does not skin over and you have to take some measures in order to cope with this condition.
- The second reason is the mechanical damage of a large vessel. It often occurs during complex operations, when the doctor cuts the gum, drills the tooth, etc. If a large vessel is damaged, bleeding may not stop.
- Third option is the use Aspirin, heparin preparations, Warfarin and other means that fight the formation of blood clots. In this case, there is a great risk that the clot in the hole is not formed, and bleeding will persist for a long time. There are also many diseases that cause poor blood clotting.
- Adrenaline, which is part of the anesthesia, leads to vasodilation after a few hours.
In addition to the above-mentioned hypertension, there are other diseases that can cause problems after tooth extraction.
- Leukemia. Cancer, affecting the hematopoietic system. It can cause bleeding after any surgery.
- Yellow sickness.
- Sepsis. Infection of blood by various microorganisms.
- Scarlatina. An infectious disease that most often affects children.
- The blood can become more liquid with an enlarged spleen.
- Chickenpox, measles, rubella, herpes or mononucleosis can lead to thrombocytopenia. This disease causes bleeding not only from wounds, but also in the internal organs.
If you have similar problems, the doctor removing the tooth should be aware of them before the operation. Then he will be able to timely apply the most effective means to stop the blood. The patient himself may provoke the bleeding.
- For example, when a person decided to rinse his mouth with soda, chlorhexidine or something else, it can provoke excessive bleeding after tooth extraction. As a result, a blood clot which protects the wound from infection is washed away from the alveolar socket. You should not rinse your mouth for 2-3 days. If you want to carry out hygienic procedures, do baths.
- The patient ate hot, spicy or solid food or injured the hole with a hard toothbrush bristle. It is better to eat only soft food and change the brush for more a more gentle one during first few days after tooth extraction.
- The patient did strong physical activity.
- The patient drank alcohol and smoked immediately after surgery.
How Long Should the Hole Normally Bleed?
On average, it may take from 10-15 minutes to half an hour for the normal formation of a blood clot. Therefore, if there is heavy bleeding after tooth extraction when you are already at home, then theoretically it is not normal. The best option in this case would be to call the dental clinic to obtain appropriate advice. But sometimes people misread the isolation of the sucrose from the hole, which is often observed for several hours after surgery. Less often, such discharge can be observed for more than 12 hours with a varying degree of intensity. In short, in such situations there is no reason to worry and sound the alarm.
Self-help when Bleeding from the Hole of the Removed Tooth
If the bleeding continues at home, it is necessary to do the following:
- measure your blood pressure. If it is significantly above the norm, you should take measures for its reduction;
- buy a hemostatic sponge. It is enough to cut a piece of 1,5X5 cm to achieve the desired effect. Put the sponge on the hole, cover with a sterile piece of gauze, tightly clamp it with your teeth and apply ice. This is usually enough to stop the bleeding;
- if you take aspirin or other blood thinners, you need to consult a doctor about whether to waive or reduce the dose of drugs;
- buy hemostatic drugs like Etamzilat and Ditsinon. They provide the desired effect. A one-time dose is 250-500 mg. Do not exceed the recommended dosage, as this may lead to an increase in the number of platelets. These tablets are contraindicated in thrombophlebitis, varicose veins, thromboembolism;
- you can make a compress with hydrogen peroxide.