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Black spots on gums (between teeth or in any other place) are a serious cause for anxiety. They not only mar the appearance, but also can be a consequence of serious disorders. Most of the problems with gums become a cause of bad breath and pain. Because of this, a person faces the problems of sleep disorders, reduced working capacity. So that this little problem should not be a serious nuisance, it is essential to find out the causes of the appearance of dark spots, as well as consider some methods for getting rid of it and the underlying causes of their appearance.
Blackish-grey or blue spots on gums may emerge due to the next factor. When filling a tooth, a doctor can make use of special material called amalgam. Its disadvantage is the adverse effect on cured tooth, as well as on oral mucosa. As a result, there may appear a tiny black spot on gum between teeth. If there are several filled teeth, there can be more than one spot. They may appear suddenly or gradually.
Note!The character of the occurrence of spots depends on the degree of interference with the tooth, the length of the contact with the mucosa. Hot food or other temperature elevating may aggravate the case.
In fact, amalgam tattoos are not regarded as a reason for anxiety. They are removed by a surgeon only to improve the aesthetic effect. If the stain begins to rise above the rest of the tissue or cause other discomfort, you may have to go through the analysis on a biopsy to exclude the possibility of tumor development. The reason for this will be visual changes in black spots on gum above tooth
Peutz–Jeghers Syndrome and Addison’s Disease
This disease is caused by the emergence of numerous polyps in the stomach. The first signs of the disease are diagnosed since early childhood. In the process of growing up outward manifestations of the syndrome are dark brown spots on lips, gums, and in the mouth cavity. Although the symptoms themselves do not cause much anxiety, the root cause of their appearance is very serious. They trigger the development of cancer of various internal organs. Therefore, people having this disease usually live less than others.
The comprehensive treatment of this syndrome is currently not developed, though it was discovered long ago. Doctors usually primarily prescribe a regular examination. If the doctor sees that the HPV reaches a critical size, then they are removed surgically. Thus, patients suffering from this disease face operations a few times in their life. Another direction of therapy is taking drugs to prevent onset or development of tumors.
In order to determine the cause of such formations, the first thing to do is to pay attention to the spots themselves: they can be flat and irregular, sometimes go in streaks. This is due to changes in the hormonal balance, leading to deposits of melanin. Along with this there are other signs of the disease such as weakness, fatigue, decreased appetite. The skin and the body get a bronze tint. To eliminate the consequences, the cause must be known. It is only an endocrinologist who can prescribe treatment in this case.
If a smoker has his gums darkened, this may be a consequence of his addiction. Nicotine causes irreversible changes in the body. In addition to gums darkening, it is accompanied by symptoms such as the acquisition of the yellow shade of teeth and unpleasant mouth odor. In some cases, this pathology can cause cancer.
Before you begin to eliminate altered pigmentation on the gums, it is necessary to change a mode of life. First, you need to quit smoking, hard as it may be. After eliminating the underlying problem, you can deal directly with spots. Usually they are removed by laser correction.
What Has to Be Done if the Gum Black Blackened?
However, if instead of spots blackening of the gums is observed, it is another case. Neglected caries, getting a foreign body and injury can trigger this phenomenon. This effect may also be a result of incorrect installation of dental crowns. In addition, plaque on the teeth can gradually form deposits resulting in dental tartar.
To prevent the development of that malady, the help of specialist is required. First, a black spot on the tooth is a symptom of dental caries. It is treated by drilling the diseased tissue and filling. Prolonged pain can lead to inflammation of the nerve, pulpitis. Since the condition of teeth affects gums, there may appear their irritation and bleeding.
If the cause of the problem is calculus, a comprehensive teeth cleaning is necessary. This is carried out in the dental office. All the issues concerning crowns or implants are solved primarily by means of anti-inflammatory therapy. If it fails, there will be need of re-prosthetics. The common treatment of affected gums is rinsing them:
- Black gums can be treated with an alcoholic solution with the use of herbs.
- Affected areas are smeared with the preparation “Metrogyl Denta”. The period of this treatment may last up to 1 month.
- The soaking solution “Chlorhexidine” has a preventive effect.
- The use of medicines for rinsing can be combined.
- A compress may be of help as well. It should be held approximately 20 minutes.
Folk Remedies for the Inflammation of Gum
If you have noticed that you have black spots on the gums, they can be removed using by traditional methods of pain relief and treatment. Remember that before using any prescription, you will need to consult with a dentist. It is worth noting that herbs have a number of side effects and contraindications. But if the disease carries the risk of developing cancer, pain relief will not be enough:
- You can use mint, sage, oregano, and Melissa. Adults need to brew 2 tablespoons per 12 liters of boiling water.
- Another way to heal the blackened tooth is to brew the leaves of St. John’s wort, thyme, sage, chamomile and calamus root (in equal amounts).
- If the appearance of dark spots on the gums is accompanied by swelling, aloe pulp can be applied to the affected area.
- If darkening of the gums has the infectious nature, the doctor may recommend rinsing the mouth with hydrogen peroxide.
- Sea salt is a good antiseptic. It is used for rinsing and rubbing.
- To remove the inflammatory process and eliminate unpleasant mouth odor, use an infusion of oak bark.
To sum up: dark spots or blackening of the mucous membrane of the mouth or gums can be due to many reasons. Some of them can be solved by simple methods: proper dental care (brushing after meals, floss and so on) and regular visits to the dental office.
Others can be caused by more serious reasons. So, a sign of inflammation in the gums is formed as a symptom of Peutz–Jeghers syndrome or Addison’s disease. Ignoring the signs of these diseases can lead to serious consequences, such as malignant tumor. Although there are many methods of combating this disease, you should not self-medicate. You need to visit a specialist and get diagnosed.