Table of Contents
The change of milk teeth to permanent ones is a natural process which every person undergoes in childhood. Although in most children it proceeds without any problems, parents need to know some things that are worth paying attention to. In our article you can find information about the timing and sequence of temporary teeth loss, about the features of oral care during this period, as well as about what can lead to a violation of the terms of the change.
The Normal Timing and Order of Change
Many parents believe that the change of milk teeth begins from the moment when the first tooth comes out, that is, at the age of 6-7 years. However, this opinion is somewhat mistaken. The replacement process begins a few years before they begin to fall out. After the age of four, third molars are formed which are already permanent teeth. This is the starting point.
Note!Around the same period begins the active resorption of the roots of milk teeth, which lasts up to two years. As the root tissues dissolve, the tooth of the child begins to stagger, and by the time the molars appear, it is completely pushed out.
The procedure for the change of teeth is similar to the scheme of their eruption. Teeth on the lower jaw (Central incisors) come out first, then, teeth on the upper jaw symmetrically change. Further, the lateral incisors, the first (small) molars, canines and the second (large) molars fall out sequentially. The age when the first tooth is replaced is individual, and may vary in different children up to two years. Some experts note that the girls’ teeth replacement occurs somewhat earlier than boys’.
Nutrition in this Period
When the permanent teeth erupt, their enamel is not fully formed yet. This process of maturation continues for several years. During this period, high-quality and nutritious food is very important:
- Products rich in calcium: cottage cheese, hard cheeses, milk should be present in the child’s daily diet.
- It is necessary to eat fish twice a week as it is a source of phosphorus.
- Eat fresh vegetables and fruits, some of them in solid form. This is necessary to stimulate the resorption of the roots of milk teeth and eruption of permanent ones.
- Refuse of eating white pastries, chocolate and sweets. Especially dangerous for the fragile enamel is sweet sparkling water.
- Sometimes, when a child refuses dairy products, there is a need to take multivitamin complexes with calcium content.
During the change of teeth the child should not eat too hard or viscous products: nuts, candy or toffee. They can cause milk teeth falling out too early, which will lead to disruption of the root growth. Also, it is undesirable to include in the child’s diet products containing active dyes that can spoil the color of the enamel for the rest of their lives.
Violation of Terms
Although the period for the replacement of milk teeth with permanent ones is large enough, sometimes there are situations when all the terms go beyond the norm.
When we say that a baby is losing teeth early, this means their loss at the age of less than 6. This can be a consequence of trauma, caries and intentional loosening. If the milk tooth falls out long before the moment when the constant begins to grow, then a free space is formed in the oral cavity, to which the rest will eventually move. This will lead to the fact that when the term of permanent teeth comes, they simply do not have enough space, and they will erupt crooked.
Remember!In case a baby is losing teeth early, orthodontist consultation is necessary. Today, dentists are using methods of prosthetics to replace defects in the dentition in order to prevent displacement of the remaining teeth. Subsequently, it helps to avoid problems with bite and cosmetic defects.
Sometimes it happens that the permanent tooth has already erupted, and the milk one is still firmly seated in its place. This will lead to improper growth of the permanent tooth and formation of teeth defects. In this case, it is necessary to visit the dentist to remove the temporary tooth. Another option is a late change of teeth when permanent teeth do not erupt in a timely manner. This can occur due to:
- Physiological delay of eruption. In this case the dental rudiments are formed correctly, but due to the individual characteristics of the child’s body they grow slightly slower.
- When partial primary edentulous.
- With the retention of permanent teeth, when the dental rudiments were formed correctly, but the molar has an incorrect location inside the bone tissue of the jaw.
Only a dentist can detect such defects and determine why teeth do not fall out after an x-ray examination, which will show whether all the dental rudiments are formed correctly. If defects in the development of the dental system are detected, temporary prosthetics for the period of growth of the jaw is required. After the child grows up, he will need to restore the defects of the dentition with permanent prostheses.
You should often consult a dentist both in cases when a child is losing teeth early and when they come out too late.
What Parents Should Do?
The loss of milk teeth and eruption of molars does not give children and parents much concern. But if the baby feels pain in the gums, you can use special pain-relieving gels (Calgel, Dentinox).
If a bleeding wound is formed in the place of loss on the gum, then you can attach a sterile cotton ball to it and ask the child to clamp it tightly for 5 minutes. After the tooth has fallen, you should not eat for 2 hours. On the same day, it is necessary to exclude salty, spicy or sour dishes from the baby’s diet. If a permanent tooth appeared, and a temporary one is still firmly in place, it is necessary to consult a dentist to remove it. During the loss of milk teeth is strictly prohibited:
- to loosen teeth or pull them out.
- to pick your mouth with sharp or metal objects.
- to gnaw nuts and hard candy.
- to treat wounds with strong antiseptics (alcohol, concentrated hydrogen peroxide).
The period of change of milk teeth in children is very individual. How many teeth fall out at the same time, and how many years this process will continue, depends only on the individual characteristics of the child’s body. However, do not delay the consultation of the dentist in case of any deviations from the norm.